(Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. Article on Nzinga from Instituto Palmeiras, This page was last edited on 23 November 2020, at 10:34. Wo also liegt der Unterschied? 17th-century queen of the Ndongo and Matamba Kingdoms of the Mbundu people in Angola, Drawing of Nzinga of Ndongo and Matamba in, Dealing with the Portuguese and aligning with the Dutch. [8] This name—Anna de Souza Nzingha—was given to her when she was baptised. 2019). As a result, Nzingha adopted a more radical method of overcoming the "illegitimacy of her sex. [9] She was also known by her Christian name, Ana de Sousa. From there, she made herself Queen and took over the kingdom. She is still honored throughout Africa as a remarkable leader and woman, for her political and diplomatic acumen, as well as her brilliant military tactics. Lacking a son to succeed her, she tried to vest power in the Ngola Kanini family and arranged for her sister to marry João Guterres Ngola Kanini and to succeed her. The Portuguese recaptured Luanda with a Brazilian-based assault led by Salvador Correia de Sá, and in 1648, Nzingha retreated to Matamba and continued to resist Portugal for the next 20 years. Die einen hypen den African Queen Tabak, die anderen schwören auf den African King. West Central Africa: Kongo, Ndongo (African Kingdoms of the Past), Kenny Mann. According to the current Kimbundu orthography, her name is spelled Njinga Mbandi (the "j" is a voiced postalveolar fricative or "soft j" as in Portuguese and French, while the adjacent "n" is silent). [3], Queen Nzinga Mbande is known by many different names including both Kimbundu and Portuguese names, alternate spellings and various honorifics. She devoted her efforts to resettling former slaves and allowing women to bear children. Women in Angola today display remarkable social independence and are found in the country’s army, police force, government, and public and private economic sectors. See more ideas about African, African history, Black history. [3] Furthermore, Nzinga was taught by visiting Portuguese missionaries to read and write in Portuguese. Today, she is remembered in Angola as the Mother of Angola, the fighter of negotiations, and the protector of her people. Successors: Njinga's sister Barbara ruled briefly, until 1666 after she died, and then after the civil war that defeated Njinga Mona's claims, she had two male successors, Joao Guterres Ngola Kanini and his son Francisco. "Njinga of Angola: Africa's Warrior Queen." She received military training and was trained as a warrior to fight alongside her father. Nzingha then fled, and she kidnapped the Queen of Matamba and her army. The Imbangala, a group of young nomadic warriors already in conflict with Ndongo, joined forces with the Portuguese. She led her troops personally in battle, and she was deft in the use of arms herself. [3] Nzingha had two sisters: Mukumbu, or Lady Barbara and Kifunji, or Lady Grace. "2000 Years of Christianity in Africa - An African Church History" (Nairobi, 2009), List of women who led a revolt or rebellion, "A Brief History of Slavery That You Didn't Learn in School", "Njinga Mbandi: Queen of Ndongo and Matamba", "Angola to Launch New Kwanza Coins in 2015", "Njinga, Queen of Angola (Njinga, Rainha de Angola) UK Premiere", "Firearms, Diplomacy, and Conquest in Angola: Cooperation and Alliance in West Central Africa, 1491-1671", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nzinga_of_Ndongo_and_Matamba&oldid=990199294, Converts to Roman Catholicism from pagan religions, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Matamba went through a civil war in her absence, but Francisco Guterres Ngola Kanini eventually carried on the royal line in the kingdom. A major street in Luanda is named after her, and a statue of her was placed in Kinaxixi on an impressive square in 2002,[1] dedicated by President Santos to celebrate the 27th anniversary of independence. Snethen, J. 225–229. [4], Nzingha used genealogy to support her claim to the throne of Ndongo against aristocratic rivals.

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