from the Arthurian personal name Merlino, borrowed from French Merlin. Form of the Welsh name Myrddin (meaning “sea fortress”) used by Geoffrey of Monmouth in his 12th-century Arthurian tales. Merlin (Welsh: Myrddin, Cornish: Marzhin, Breton: Merzhin) is a mythological figure prominently featured in the legend of King Arthur and best known as an enchanter or wizard.  This contrasts with the popular folk etymology that the town was named after the bard. [note 10] In the Prophéties de Merlin version, his tomb is unsuccessfully searched for by various parties, including by Morgan and her enchantresses, but cannot be accessed due to the deadly magic traps around it, while the Lady of the Lake comes to taunt Merlin by asking did he rot there yet. So Merlin probably means "Ambrose of Carmarthen", and is only vaguely related to Mervyn and its variants. Yes, for the rest of the English-speaking world, this would be the state of Maryland. The earliest version of the Annales Cambriae entry (in the "A-text", written c. 1100), as well as a later copy (the "C-text", written towards the end of the 13th century) do not mention Merlin. Merlin's fate of either demise or eternal imprisonment, along with his destroyer or captor's motivation (from her fear of Merlin and protecting her own virginity, to her jealously for his relationship with Morgan), is recounted differently in variants of this motif but is usually placed within the enchanted forest of Brocéliande. Geoffrey primarily combined existing stories of Myrddin Wyllt (or Merlinus Caledonensis), a North Brythonic prophet and madman with no connection to Arthur, with tales of the Romano-British war leader Ambrosius Aurelianus to form the composite figure he called Merlinus Ambrosius (Welsh: Myrddin Emrys, Breton: Merzhin Ambroaz). Geoffrey of Monmouth Latinised the name to Merlinus in his works.  Malory's telling of this episode would later become a major inspiration for Romantic authors and artists of the 19th century. It is said to come from the Greek word “Mneme,” which means memory. Myrddin, the wizard who tutored King Arthur in British legend was known as Myrddin Emrys. Origin of the name Merlin: English cognate of the Welsh Myrrdin, a name derived from the Primative Celtic elements mer, mori (sea) and dunom (hill, fortress), therefore meaning "sea hill" or "sea fortress." He based it on stories of the original 6th-century Myrddin, set long after his time frame for the life of Merlin Ambrosius. In the first, Merlin creates Stonehenge as a burial place for Aurelius Ambrosius, bringing the stones from Ireland. Merlin Name Meaning in Urdu & English. These names tend to be less frequently used than Merlin. The name Merlina has seven characters. English meaning: Sea fort. Find all the relevant details about the meaning, origin, lucky number and religion is … Nikolai Tolstoy hypothesized that Merlin is based on a historical personage, probably a 6th century druid living in southern Scotland. Ambrosius was rumoured to be such a child. This name of the famous fifth-century sorcerer and mentor of King Arthur may or may not be a bit wizardy for a real-life modern child. The House of Tudor, which traced their lineage directly to Arthur, interpreted the prophecy of King Arthur's return figuratively as concerning their ascent to the throne of England that they sought to legitimise following the Wars of the Roses. The name "Merlin" derives from the Welsh Myrddin, the name of the bard Myrddin Wyllt. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z. (This represented the struggle between the invading Saxons and the native Celtic Britons.) Marvin (#580 IN 2018), Marlon (#851), Ambrose (#1480), Marlin (#1807), Merle, Merlyn, Mervin and Mervyn are the popular variation forms of Merlin appearing in the Top 2000. Robert lays great emphasis on Merlin's power to shapeshift, on his joking personality, and on his connection to the Holy Grail, the quest for which he foretells. What follows next is supposedly narrated in the mysterious text Conte del Brait (Tale of the Cry). ", Markale, J (1995). The name Marlin means Combination Of Maria And Magdalene and is of American origin. Find out more about the name Marlin at BabyNames.com.  In the Vulgate Lancelot, which predated the later Vulgate Merlin, she (aged just 12 at the time) instead makes Merlin sleep forever in a pit in the forest of Darnantes, "and that is where he remained, for never again did anyone see or hear of him or have news to tell of him. Geoffrey asserted that the characters are the same with references to King Arthur and his death, as told in the Historia Regum Britanniae. He supplemented his characterisation by attributing to Merlin stories concernig Aurelius Ambrosius, taken from Nennius' Historia Brittonum. Origin: Old French-Latin He also earlier instructs Uther to establish the original order of the Round Table, after creating the table itself. Merlin matures to an ascendant sagehood and engineers the birth of Arthur through magic and intrigue. Historically Merlin is a combination of two Legendary figures: Myrddin Wyllt (Merlinus Caledonensis) a North Brythonic Prophet and Madman. It is of Welsh origin, and the meaning of Merlin is "sea fortress". Common themes in most of them include Merlin usually having the prior prophetic knowledge of her plot against him (one exception is the Spanish Post-Vulgate Baladro where his ability is dampened by lust), but lacking either ability or will to counteract it in any way, along with her usually using one of his own spells against him. , In chivalric romance tradition, Merlin has a major weakness that leads him to his relatively early doom: young beautiful women of femme fatale archetype. Merlinus was a Latinized form of Myrddin devised by Geoffrey of Monmouth and popularized in the Arthurian romances. Merlin began to make an appearance in the early 10th century. See the popularity of the girl's name Merlin over time, plus its meaning, origin, common sibling names, and more in BabyCenter's Baby Names tool. and. The name Merlina is ranked on the 18,327th position of the most used names.  The story of Vortigern's tower is the same; the underground dragons, one white and one red, represent the Saxons and the Britons, and their final battle is a portent of things to come. Merlin is called Emrys because that was the name that was given to him when he was born in Caer-Fyrddin. [note 9], There are many different versions of their story. n. In Baltimoron, it's the "Old Line State," or the state on the south side of the Mason-Dixon Line, and the state where Batimore rests at the mouth of the Patapsco River. " Diverting from his traditional role in the legends, Merlin is sometimes portrayed as a villain, as in Mark Twain's humorous novel A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court (1889). [note 11], The legendary Brocéliande is often identified as the real-life Paimpont forest in Brittany. Here, Merlin survives Arthur, marries a woman named Guendoloena (inspired by the male Gwenddoleu ap Ceidio),:44 and eventually spends his time observing stars from his esplumoir [fr] with seventy windows, in the remote woods in the land of Rhydderch. He told two further tales of the character. Merlin ▼ as a boys' name is pronounced MER-lin. [note 13] The fulfilment of another prophecy, ascribed to Thomas the Rhymer, came about when a spate of the Tweed and Pausayl occurred during the reign of the Scottish James VI and I on the English throne: "When Tweed and Pausayl meet at Merlin's grave, / Scotland and England one king shall have.  The Prose Lancelot further relates that, after growing up in the borderlands between Scotland (Pictish lands) and Ireland (Argyll), Merlin "possessed all the wisdom that can come from demons, which is why he was so feared by the Bretons and so revered that everyone called him a holy prophet and the ordinary people all called him their god.". Name Marlin Categories. He does not tutor and advise Arthur as in later versions.. Some of the many Welsh works predicting the Celtic revenge and victory over the Saxons have been reinterpreted as Merlin's (Myrddin's) prophecies, and later used by propaganda of the Welsh-descent king Henry VIII of England in the 16th century. The different meanings of the name Merlin are: Welsh meaning: Sea fort.  This madman, also known as Lailoken, has parallels with the Irish Suibhne (Sweeney),:58 roams the Caledonian Forest, until cured of his madness by Kentigern (Saint Mungo). Mythology: Arthurian tales describe Merlin as the wizard who was King Arthur's mentor. The name was most famously borne in Arthurian legend by the magician helper and guide of King Arthur. He is popularly said to be buried in the magical forest of Brocéliande. Its most noted modern bearer: football star turned actor Merlin Olsen, whose father was named Merle.  Other purported sites of Merlin's burial include a cave deep inside Merlin's Hill (Welsh: Bryn Myrddin), outside Carmarthen.  Myrddin/Merlin also shares similarities with the shamanic bard figure of Taliesin, alongside whom he appears in the Welsh Triads and in Vita Merlini. Merlin name meaning is falcon, and the lucky number associated with is 8. (The stones, in actuality, came from the Preseli Hills in south-west Wales. Merlin Name Meaning English, French, and Spanish (Merlín): from the Old French personal name Merlin, Latin Merlinus was derived from the Welsh personal name Myrddin. [note 4], The extended prose rendering became the foundation for the vast Lancelot-Grail cyclical series of Old French prose works also known as the Vulgate Cycle.  As the Arthurian myths were retold, Merlin's prophetic aspects were sometimes de-emphasised in favour of portraying him as a wizard and an advisor to the young Arthur, sometimes in struggle between good and evil sides of his character, and living in deep forests connected with nature. Geoffrey had Myrddin in mind when he wrote his earliest surviving work, the Prophetiae Merlini ("Prophecies of Merlin", c. 1130), which he claimed were the actual words of the legendary poet and madman.  Later authors have Merlin serve as the king's advisor and mentor until he disappears from the story after having been bewitched and forever sealed or killed by his student known as the Lady of the Lake after falling madly in love with her. The prose version of Robert's poem was then continued in the 13th-century Merlin Continuation or the Suite de Merlin, describing King Arthur's early wars and Merlin's role in them as he predicts and influences the course of battles. Geoffrey of Monmouth Latinised the name to Merlinus in his works. Though usually a figure who supports Arthur and his vision of. [note 7] Instead, Merlin's eventual undoing comes from his lusting after another of his female students, named Viviane (among other names and spellings, including Malory's popular Nimue); also called a fairy (French fee) like Morgan, Viviane is first found in the Lancelot-Grail cycle, having been inserted into the legend by either de Boron or his continuator. [note 8] The form of his prison or grave can be variably a crystal cave, a hole under a large rock (as in Le Morte d'Arthur), a magic tower, or a tree. Medievalist Gaston Paris suggests that Geoffrey chose the form Merlinus rather than the expected *Merdinus to avoid a resemblance to the Anglo-Norman word merde (from Latin merda) for feces. Der männliche Vorname Merlin bedeutet übersetzt „der Falke“, „Düne“ und „Hügel am Meer“. In the Post-Vulgate Suite, the young King Bagdemagus manages to find the rock under which Merlin is entombed alive by Niviene; he communicates with Merlin, but cannot lift it. , The name "Merlin" is derived from the Welsh Myrddin, the name of the bard who was one of the chief sources for the later legendary figure. / Today by body will be pierced through by a sharp stake / of wood, and so my life will expire. Writing in Latin, he likely chose the form Merlinus over Merdinus in order to prevent associations with French merde "excrement". The narrative of Merlin is largely based on Geoffrey's familiar tale of Vortigern's Tower, Uther's war against the Saxons, and Arthur's conception. Medievalist Gaston Paris suggests that Geoffrey chose the form Merlinus rather than the expected *Merdinus to avoid a resemblance to the Anglo-Norman word merde (from Latin merda) for feces. The name Carmarthen is derived from the town's previous Roman name Moridunum, in turn derived from Celtic Brittonic moridunon, 'sea fortress'..  But fate cannot always be changed: the Post-Vulgate Cycle has Merlin warn Arthur of how the birth of his other son will bring great misfortune and ruin to his kingdom, which then becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy. More than once, the tower collapsed before completion. Later he became known as Merlin, which is a Latin translation of the Welsh word Myrddin. Aithusa is a white dragon summoned from its egg by Merlin, who later saved Morgana's life by healing her wounds. In Nennius' account, Ambrosius was discovered when the British king Vortigern attempted to errect a tower at Dinas Emrys. Contrary to the many modern works in which they are archenemies, Merlin and Morgan are never opposed to each other in any medieval tradition, other than Morgan forcibly rejecting him in some texts; in fact, his love for Morgan is so great that he even lies to the king in order to save her in the Huth Merlin, which is the only instance of him ever intentionally misleading Arthur. His apprentice is often Arthur's half-sister Morgan le Fay (in the Prophéties de Merlin along with Sebile and two other witch queens), who is sometimes depicted as Merlin's lover and sometimes as just an unrequited love interest. Merlin is a Christian Boy name and it is an English originated name with multiple meanings. Geoffrey retold the story in his Historia Regum Britanniæ with some embellishments, and gives the fatherless child the name of the prophetic bard Merlin. There, he is often visited by his sister Ganieda (based on Myrddin's sister Gwenddydd) who has become queen of the Cumbrians and is also endowed with prophetic powers. possibly in some cases, a Lombardic habitational name from Merlino in Milan province. His argument was based on the fact that early references to Merlin describe him as possessing characteristics which modern scholarship (but not that of the time the sources were written) would recognize as druidical, the inference being that those characteristics were not invented by the early chroniclers, but belonged to a real person. Clas Myrddin is also one of the early names for Great Britain given in the Welsh Triads. , Clas Myrddin or Merlin's Enclosure is an early name for Great Britain stated in the Third Series of Welsh Triads. Geoffrey kept this new character separate from Aurelius Ambrosius and stated that Ambrosius was also called "Merlin", therefore Ambrosius Merlinus. Football player Merlin Olsen. (2000 U.S. The name is of Celtic origin and is one of the names traditionally given to the Lady of the Lake. A further reworking and continuation of the Prose Merlin was included within the subsequent Post-Vulgate Cycle as the Post-Vulgate Suite du Merlin or the Huth Merlin. DEMOGRAPHICS), Merlin reached its top position of #310 in the U.S. in the 1920s, but is not listed at the moment. [note 3] He also helps Arthur in other ways, including providing him with the magic sword Excalibur through a Lady of the Lake. In legend, a magician who was the helper of King Arthur. Decades after, Robert de Boron retold and expanded on this material in his influential Old French poem Merlin. The Prophéties de Merlin (c. 1276) contains long prophecies of Merlin (mostly concerned with 11th to 13th-century Italian history and contemporary politics), some by his ghost after his death, interspersed with episodes relating Merlin's deeds and with assorted Arthurian adventures in which Merlin does not appear at all. Adoption of these forms of Merlin was widespread 9 decades ago (ADOPTION OF 0.55%) and is now significantly reduced (ADOPTION 0.05%, ▼90.5%), with versions like Mervin becoming somewhat outmoded. Geoffrey's account of Merlin Ambrosius' early life is based on the tale of Ambrosius in the Historia Brittonum. Geoffrey's composite Merlin is based mostly on the madman, poet and seer Myrddin Wyllt, a madman, poet and seer known also as "Myrddin the Wild" (or Merlinus Caledonensis in later sources influenced by Geoffrey). Der Sage … Writers translated this into Latin as Merlin Ambrosius, and into English as Mervyn. A late version of the Annales Cambriae (dubbed the "B-text", written at the end of the 13th century) and influenced by Geoffrey, records for the year 573, that after "the battle of Arfderydd, between the sons of Eliffer and Gwenddolau son of Ceidio; in which battle Gwenddolau fell; Merlin went mad." Nimue & Merlin's History " In a version with a happier ending, contained within the Premiers Faits section of the Livre du Graal, Niniane peacefully confines him in Brocéliande with walls of air, visible only as a mist to others but as a beautiful yet unbreakable crystal tower to him (however Merlin's disembodied voice can escape his air prison, as he does speak to Gawain), where they then spend almost every night together. Compared to his French sources, Malory limited the extent of the negative association of Merlin and his powers, relatively rarely being condemned as demonic by other characters such as King Lot.
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